Introduction to Archaeology: Glossary - Archaeological Institute of America Introduction to Archaeology: Glossary - Archaeological Institute of America

Meaning of dating in archaeology. Dating methods in archaeology. are they accurate? | ancient origins

Tree ring analysis is based on the phenomenon of formation of annual growth rings in many trees, such as conifers. Prehistoric man was impressed by the naturally sharp edges produced when a piece of obsidian was fractured, and hence, preferred the material in tool making.

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Historical Archaeology - A discipline within archaeology concerned with supplementing written history with archaeological research to create a more complete account of the past.

This destructive, unscientific approach strips an artifact of its context. Their presence on archaeological sites is used to date the soil layers and the objects and events they are associated with and thus contributes to refine the chronology of sites.

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Column - In architecture, a supporting pillar usually composed of a base, shaft, and surmounting capital. Flotation - The soaking of an excavated matrix usually dirt in water to separate and recover small ecofacts and artifacts, such as pollen samples, that cannot be recovered through traditional sieving.

Dating in Archaeology - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Corinthian column - The most ornate of the three column styles Doric, Ionic and CorinthianCorinthian columns are essentially more elaborate Ionic columns.

Citadel - A fortress, or stronghold, in or near a fortified city. Relative Dating Stratigraphy Inspired by geologystratigraphy uses the principle of the superposition of strata which suggests that, in a succession of undisturbed SOILSthe upper horizons are newer than the lower ones.

In the years with unfavourable weather the growth rings will be unusually narrow. Experimental archaeology - A branch of archaeology that studies ancient technology by reproducing it or by recreating a type of site to study the processes of site formation.

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Flake - A piece of stone removed from a core for use as a tool or as debitage. During rock formation, especially lava, tuffs, pumice, etc. Radiocarbon dating, however, can only be used for dating objects that are less than 50 years.

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Epigrapher - A person who studies ancient inscriptions. Feature - Any physical structure or element, such as a wall, post hole, pit, or floor, that is made or altered by humans but unlike an artifact is not portable and cannot be removed from a site.

Hunter-gatherers usually live in small groups of less the individuals.

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The starting phase of the Palaeolithic period in India is pushed back by atleast one million years from the earlier dating of about 5 lakh years B. Hellenistic period - The era between the death of Alexander the Great B.

Contract Archaeology - Archaeological research and excavation undertaken under contracts with the government or private organizations, designed to protect cultural resources in danger of destruction due to development.

Cultural Resource Management CRM - Profession that focuses on the management and preservation of cultural resources, such as archaeological sites or artifacts, protecting them for future generations.

These include bones and vegetal remains that can tell us about past diet or environments.


When a tree ring pattern is recognized in timber, the age of that timber can be calculated and thus the approximate age of the feature or structure to which it belongs can be determined. As a rule trees produce one ring every year.

Through timethe uranium undergoes a slow spontaneous process of decay. Another absolute dating method is thermoluminescence, which dates the last time an item was heated.

Geoarchaeologists often study soil and sediment patterns and processes of earth formation observed at archaeological sites.

The magnetism present in the clay is nullified once the pottery, bricks or klins are heated above degree centigrade.